Dark spots are melanin buildups

Melanin is the protein that gives our skin its natural colour. it is also known to protect skin against the harmful effects of UV (ultraviolet) rays, oxidative stress, and DNA damage.

Here’s one way to think of it: we hold an umbrella over our heads to protect against the sun and rain. In the same way, melanin forms a protective cap over our skin cells’ DNA.

Much like sunscreen, melanin actually has an SPF. the melanin in our skin absorbs or redistributes approximately half of the UV light we’re exposed to.

Melanin also presents free radical scavenging properties to help protect skin against oxidative stress.free radicals – are produced in the skin under the influence of UV radiation and pollution. These compounds are highly reactive and can induce DNA damage in our epidermal skin cells.

The colour of our skin is determined by the amount and type of melanin produced, as well as its distribution in the surrounding skin cells (keratinocytes).

There are two main types of melanin produced in the skin:

• Eumelanin is a brown-black pigment, and the most common pigment that we see in skin. The content and intensity of this melanin indicates its level of UV protection.

• Pheomelanin is the yellow-red pigment that we see in fair skin and red hair. This type of melanin offers no UV protection.

But what causes the melanin to do this?

UV rays

Unprotected sun exposure is the best-known trigger for melanin production (think about the tan you get from a day at the beach). It’s also the leading cause of dark spots; much of the hyperpigmentation we treat is the result of sun exposure.


Airborne particulate matter (PM) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) can both become lodged in skin’s deeper structure. This oxidizes the surrounding tissue – leading to free radical damage and triggering an inflammatory response that results in hyperpigmentation.

Free radicals

Collectively known as Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS), free radicals are oxygen-derived molecules with unpaired electrons, which makes them highly reactive and able to damage macromolecules such as lipids, proteins and nucleic acids. The free radicals produced by keratinocytes can overstimulate melanocytes, resulting in hyperpigmentation.


During pregnancy, we often see melasma, also known as chloasma or “the mask of pregnancy,” on the face. This can
be either temporary or permanent, and is caused by hormone shifts during pregnancy . Even medications such as birth control can induce hormonal dark spots.


Any trauma to the skin, whether it’s a wound, breakout, or even the result of a medical procedure such as resurfacing

Hyperpigmentation (PIH)

Darker skin types are particularly susceptible to this type of hyperpigmentation.

Laser hair removal

This can cause melanocytes to be damaged over overstimulated, resulting in post-inflammatory.

PowerBright is the solution. This trio of formulas work synergistically – using the best of science and nature to deliver immediate, visible results and prevent future skin damage.

Powerbright dark spot serum

An advanced serum that begins to diminish the appearance of uneven pigmentation fast, and keeps working to even skin tone over time.
Formulated with high-tech ingredients that start working fast, PowerBright Dark Spot Serum visibly fades dark spots in just a few days – and keeps working over time to deliver smooth, more even-toned skin.

How to use
Each morning after cleansing and toning, apply one pump. Allow one minute for product absorption.

Powerbright moisturiser spf 50- helps shield against dark spots and combat oxidative stress caused by pollution.

This powerful daily moisturiser helps protect skin against daily oxidative stress while also hydrating, soothing, and helping to reduce the appearance of fine lines.

How to use
Apply over face and neck, avoiding the eye area, preferably 30 minutes prior to sun exposure. For best results, apply after PowerBright Dark Spot Serum.

Powerbright overnight cream

A nourishing nighttime cream that optimises skin moisture recovery and helps restore luminosity.
This skin-nourishing overnight moisturiser helps fade the appearance of dark spots as it smoothes, evens, and helps reduce the appear of fine lines

How to use  
Smooth over face and neck as the last step of your nighttime regimen. For best results, use PowerBright Dark Spot Serum each morning.


Latest Posts